San José State University
Department of Economics


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Thayer Watkins
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The Demographics of India

The Populations of India by Religions
(millions)
ReligionGreater India
1941
Republic
of India
1951
Pakistan
c. 1951
Hindu254.9303.29.8
Islam92.135.465.0
Christianity6.38.20.5
Sikhism5.76.2
Jainism1.41.6
Bhuddism0.20.2
Zoroastrianism0.1
Animism
& Others
25.9

The Population of
the Republic of India
in 1951 Census by Language
LanguageNumber
of People
(millions)
Hindi, Urdu
Hindustani, Punjabi
149.9
Talugu33.0
Marathi27.0
Tamil26.5
Bengali25.1
Gujurati16.3
Kannada14.5
Orija13.2
Assamese5.0

In addition there were 23 tribal languages spoken by 100,000 or more, 24 Indian languages spoken by 100,000 or more and 720 languages and dialects spoken by less than 100,000. (To be continued.)


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