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The Forms of Danish Verbs

In many European languages the form of verbs in a sentence depend upon the person of the subject. For English it is I do but he, she or it does. In Danish the same verb form prevails for all persons: jeg gør and han gør .

The infinitive form of a verb is expressed, as in English, with the preposition to, which in Danish is at. For example, to love in Danish is at elske.

It is very common that the infinitive form of a verb in Danish ends with an unstressed e. Those that do not end in an unstressed e, end in a stressed vowel in spelling but a glottal stop in pronunciation; e.g. at slø (to hit) which is pronounced sloh'. The glottal stop also occurs in the present tense for of these verbs.

The present tense of Danish verbs is generally formed by adding r to the infinitive form. For example: jeg elsker for I love. The future tense is indicated in a sentence by the use of the present tense and some reference to time. There is no gerund (ing) form of verbs in Danish.

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