San José State University
& Tornado Alley
The Timeline of the Crimean War
- 1783: The Crimean Peninsula annexed by the Russian Empire.
- c. 1850: Russian Czar demands the right to protect the Orthodox Christian subjects
of the Ottoman Emipire.
- c. 1850: Russia and France dispute the rights of their churches over the holy places in Palestine.
- July 1853: Russian troops occupy the Danubian provinces (present day Romania) of the Ottoman Empire.
The Ottomans. The Ottomans decide to resist this invasion.
- September 1853: The British Empire sends a fleet of ships to Istanbul.
- October 1853: The Ottoman Empire declares war against the Russian Empire and commenses an offense
in its Danubian provinces.
- c. November 1853: The Russian Black Sea fleet destroys a major part of the Ottoman Black Sea fleet at
- January 1854: The British and French send fleets into the Black Sea to protect Ottoman
- March 1854: Britain and France declare war on the Russian Empire.
- August 1854: Russian forces in the Danubian provinces of Ottoman Empire and allow Austrian troops
to take their place.
- September 1854: British, French and Ottoman troops area landed on shore of the Crimean Peninsula
with the objective being to take the Russaian fortress at Sevastopol.
- September 1854: A major battle is fought at the Alma River.
- October 1854: A major battle is fought at Balaklava.
- November 1854: A major battle is fought at Inkerman.
- January 1855: Sardinia-Piedmont, the state that eventually became the nation of Italy, enters the
war and sends in ten thousand troops.
- September 1855: After a successful attack by French forces at Sevastopol the Russian forces there
sank their ships and blew up their forts and evacuated Sevastopol.
- 1855-56: Military engagements occurred in the Caucauses and in the Baltic Sea area.
- 1856: The Austrian Empire threatens to join the war on the side of Britain, France and Turkey.
- February 1856: Russia agrees to accept peace terms and the Congress of Paris was convened to
work out the terms.
- March 1856: The Treaty of Paris was signed. Russia agreed to respect the integrity of the Ottoman
Empire and to surrender Bessarabia (present day Moldovia) at the mouth of the Danube River. The
Danube River and the Black Sea were to be open to the ships of all nations.