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A Dictionary of Color Terms in Botanical Latin

The following is a dictionary of Botanical Latin terms for color compiled from William T. Stearn's Botanical Latin .

Color Terms
in Botanical Latin
Botanical
Latin
Meaning
aeruginosus deep green,
some blue
alabastrinus alabaster white
albescens turning white
albidus whitish
alutaceus leather yellow
anthracinus coal-black
aquamarinus clear sea-green
ardesiacus slate-grey
argillaceous white clay
armeniacus apricot-colored
ater pure black
atramentarius inky
atratus part black
atropurpureus purple
atrovirens deep green,
some black
aurantiacus orange-colored
aurantius orange-colored
auratus golden yelllow
aureus golden yelllow
azureus light, pure,
lively sky blue
badius chestnut-brown
berylinus emerald green
blatteus royal purple
boeticus Spanish brown
brunneus pure dull brown
cacainus chocolate brown
caeruleus lighter and duller
than indigo
caesiellus blue-grey
caesius lavender
calcareus chalk-white
candidus pure white
canescens white hoary grey
canus white hoary grey
carneus flesh-colored
cerinus waxy yellow
cerussatus plaster white
cervinus darker tawny
chermesinus purest red
chlorascens greenish
chloro- clear green
chocolatinus chocolate brown
chryso- golden yelllow
cineraceus light ash-grey
cinereus ash-grey
cinnabarinus scarlet with
slight orange
cinnamomeus cinnamon
citreus lemon-colored
citrinus lemon-colored
cobalteus pale sky-blue
coccineus scarlet
coffeatus coffee-bean brown
columbianus dove grey
coracinus raven lustrous black
cretaceus chalk-white
croceus saffron-colored
cupreus brownish red
cyaneus clear bright blue
dealbatus whitened
denigratus blackened
eborinus ivory white
eburneus ivory white
elephinus elephant grey
ermineous yellow tinged white
erythro- purest red
ferrugineus rusty brown
flammeus flame-colored
flavescens pale yellow
flavidus pale yellow
flavovirens yellowish green
flavus pale yellow
fuligineus sooty brown
fuliginosus sooty brown
fulvus tawny with grey
and brown
fumeus smoky brown grey
fumosus smoky brown grey
furmus lusterless black
fuscus greyish brown
gilvus dull yellow with
grey and red
githagineus greenish red
glandaceous yellowish red brown
glaucescens sea-green, greyish
glaucus sea-green, greyish
griseus pearl-grey
gypseeus chalk-white
haematiticus brown-red
helvolus greyish yellow
hepaticus liver-brown
ianthinus violet
igneus flame-colored
incanus white hoary grey
incarnatus flesh-colored
indigoticus deepest blue
kermesinus purest red
lacteus milk white
lateritius brick-colored
lazulinus ultramarine
leucophaeus ash-grey
ligneus wood brown
lilacinus lilac
lividus livid clouded
with grey,
brown and blue
lixivius darker pearl grey
luridus cloudy brown
luteolus pale yellow
lutescens pale yellow
luteus yellow
melano pure black
melanochlorus very deep green
miniaceous red with orange tint
miniatus vermilion, scarlet
with yellow
molybdius leaden grey
murinus mousy red grey
nicotanus tobacco leaf brown
nigellus blackish
niger grey black
nigrescens grey black
nigritus part black
nigro-virens very deep green
nivalia brilliant pure white
niveus snow-white
ochraceus ochre-colored
ochroleucus ochre-colored
olivaceus olive-green
oniscus wood-louse grey
orobitinus vetch-green
ostrinus royal purple
palumbinus dove grey
phaeo- greyish brown
phoeniceous pure red,
scarlet, carmine
piceus pitch-black
plumbeus leaden grey
porphyreus reddish brown
prasinus grass-green
psittaceus parrot-green
pullus raven lustrous
black
puniceus purest red
purpureus dull red, some blue
rhodo- pale pure red
roseus pale pure red
rubellus pure red
ruber pure red
rubescens pure red
rubeus pure red
rubicundus pure red
rubiginosus brown-red
rufescens red brown
rufus red brown
rutilans bright metallic red
rutilus bright metallic red
sanguineus dull red,
brownish black
scarlatinus pure red
schistaceus slate-grey
smaragdinus emerald green
spadiceus bright brown
spodo- ash-grey
stramineus straw-colored
sulphureus sulfur-colored
tephro- ash-grey
testaceus brownish tellow
thalassicus sea-green, greyish
theobrominus chocolate brown
turcoisinus turquoise-blue
tylicolor wood-louse grey
tyrius royal purple
umbrinus umber brown
ustalus charred wood brown
vaccinus cow brown
venetus deep sea-green
violaceus violet
virgineus unblemished white
viridis clear green
vitellinus egg yolk yellow
xantho- yellow
xerampelinus dull red with brown

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